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不要望文生义词的十个短语
2019-07-10 09:06   审核人:

对英语学习者来说,常见的一个困难就是每个词都知道,但组合在一起就不明白是什么意思,在之前的一问中也做过许多类似的望文生义词。

  看看今天的这十个短语,有你理解错的那一个吗

1. crack a book 打开课本学习通常是不情愿的

  例:I kept telling my mum I didn’t need to study too hard for this exam because it’s easy, she wouldn’t listen to me though. She insisted I crack a book every evening!

  虽然我反复地跟母亲讲这次考试十分简单,无须准备,但她根本不听。坚持要求我彻夜温习课本。

2. crank out a paper 机械地创作论文或文章

  例:I had to crank out a new paper every week to pass this course. It was really hard work!

  为了通过这门考试,我不得不每周想办法写出一篇论文。真是太累了!

3. learn by rote 死记硬背;不加思考地记忆某项内容。

  例:They had to learn the lyrics to two new songs by rote just before the show.

  演出前,他们必须背下两首新歌的歌词。

4. learn the ropes 熟悉工作内情或操作原理

  例:It took me a while to learn the ropes in this law firm, some of their procedures are so complicated.

  我花了一段时间才摸清这个律师事务所的工作流程,一些程序实在太繁琐了。

5. learn ones lesson 从糟糕的经历中汲取教训,以免重蹈覆辙

  例:I thought I was being funny by mocking Peter in front of everyone, but the way he reacted was so horrible. I’ve definitely learnt my lesson to not make a joke at someone else’s expense!

  我在众人面前嘲笑彼特的样子一定很滑稽,但是他的反应也太可怕了。我想我再也不会以让人付出代价的方式开玩笑了。

6. pass with flying colours  轻松通过考试并取得好成绩。

  例:I have some exciting news: I passed my driving test with flying colors!

  有条激动人心的好消息:我以优异的成绩通过了驾照考试!

7. schoolboy error 低级或愚蠢的错误

  例:He made a schoolboy error when he passed some of the responsibilities to Jonah, who took all the credit for everything they’d done.

  他犯了一个低级错误,竟然将责任推给约拿。而约拿将一切视为理所当然。

8. a very quick learner 能够快速掌握某项技能或迅速完成某项任务的人

  例:Kelly is a very quick learner; she has only been here for a week so far and has already taken on most of the previous secretary’s roles!

  凯莉对工作上手很快,才来了一个星期,就基本能够胜任秘书的角色了。

9. teacher’s pet 受老师青睐的学生。

  例:She always gets really good marks, I bet it’s because she’s teacher’s pet.

  她的分数一直很高,我敢打赌,这一定是老师喜欢她的缘故。

10. make the grade 符合要求,达到预期标准

  例:I didn’t make the grade for the final assignment, so I have to do it all over again!

  我未能达到最终任务的要求,因此不得不重新来过!

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