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大学英语四六级短文听力技巧
2020-09-17 10:39  

从大学英语四六级考试题型的分值分配(听力占35%)便可知听力在四六级考试中的重要性,而听力测试的三个题型的分值分配中短文听力占到了20%,由此可见短文听力是听力考试的重中之重。短文听力考核三段,共10道题。 短文听力最大的特点在于语速快,一篇短文250词左右,大约一分钟朗读130词,高峰时达到160词。同学们最大的难点在于跟不上,记不住,没反应过来就完了。因此此类考题的答题技巧尤为重要。掌握如下答题技巧对于提高大家的短文听力理解能力会有很大帮助。

1. 预测

在所有的考试题型中预测都是必不可少的,短文听力尤其如此。预测大多采用“先纵后横”的方法。所谓“先纵”就是先通读每篇短文后的3-4个小题,找出关键词,前后联系,预测全篇大致主题。所谓“后横”,就是在时间充裕的情况下,通看各题选项,标出关键词,总结长句的核心意思,以此预测考点和可能的答案。两步预测都要注意随时做出标注,划出关键词。 2. 听记兼顾    听记兼顾主要是在平时听力训练中注意养成用符浩来表示固定意思的习惯,比如常见的:№,¥,↑,↓,▲ (triangle),?,%$,√ ,×(wrong, incorrect...),+,-,﹥(more than),‹ (less than...),(equal to...),≈(around, almost)等等。还要熟记一些常用名词的缩写,比如:星期,月份的缩写及国家和组织的缩写等等

3.掌握信号词    所谓的信号词主要有:表示顺序的词、短语:  first, second, thenfirst of all,  most important of all, finally…;递进和补充: and, also, for example, furthermore, more than that, also, likewise, similarly, moreover, in addition, what is more;表示转折与对比的词、短语: although, however, but, in spite of, otherwise, despite, nevertheless/nonetheless, yet, in contrast, unlike, whereas/while, on the other hand, on the contrary, in/by contrast;表示总结的词、短语: as a result, finally, therefore, accordingly, in short, thus, consequently, in conclusion, so, in brief, in a word, on the whole, to sum up;表示因果关系的词、短语: as a result, for, thus, because, for this reason, so, therefore, as, since, consequently, hence, accordingly, as a consequence of ;其他: in factin other words, put another way, specifically, in regard to, actually, essentially, apparently, rarely, really, seldom, hardly等等。之所以要掌握信号词主要是因为信号词出现后往往是考试的出题之处。特别是一些关键信号词如:first, most , because, only, just, but, however, but , however, the more ,the more, despite, although, though一定要牢记。因为这些信号词后出题的频率很高。

4.排除选项 1) 所属类别和其他选项相距甚选的选项,例如:  (A) The choice of course.        (B) Their work.  (C) An evening course.          (D)  A day course.   其中的B选项,明显和其它三个选项属于不同类别,因而对的可能性极小

2) 所涉及的人物和其他选项不同的选项,例如:    A) The arrangement of the Wednesday meeting.    B) Where they are going to meet Mr. Johnson.    C) The necessity of writing to Mr. Johnson.    D) Who is going to contact Mr. Johnson. 其中的A选项,明显和Mr. Johnson没直接关系, 因而对的可能性极小。

3) 四个选项中,仅有一个选项含有数字或专用名词,则该选项一般不对,例如:    A) They are both anxious to try Italian food.    B) They are likely to have dinner together.    C) The man will treat the woman to dinner tonight.    D) The woman refused to have dinner with the man.    其中有且仅有A选项,含有专用名词Italian, 因而对的可能性极小。 4) 内容不合常理、比较荒谬的选项一般不对。例如:    A) Most people killed in traffic accidents are heavy drinkers.    B) She doesn't agree with the man.    C) Drunk drivers are not guilty.    D) People should pay more attention to the danger of drunk driving. 5) 含义比较绝对、过于极端的选项一般不对。一般说来,含有 too (), anything, everything等含义比较绝对的选项是不对的。例如:  A) She takes it as a kind of exercise.         B) She wants to save money.   C) She loves doing anything that is new.   D) Her office isn't very far.  其中,C) 选项含义比较绝对,除非有很大把握,一般不能作为正确选项。   5.重点预选技巧 1) 含义相反或者相对的两个选项,正确选项一般就在其中。例如:  A) The woman should confirm her appointment with the doctor.  B) The woman should have seen the doctor earlier.  C) The woman's headache will go away by itself.  D) The woman has been complaining too much.  其中,B)和C)选项的含义相反,正确答案就在其中,C)选项一般不符合常理(得了病一般能扛着吗?不能,何况是贪生怕死的英美人?),因而只能是B)答案正确。 2) 结构相差很小、含义差别较大的选项,正确选项一般就在其中。例如:  A) At a cigarette store B) At a bus station    C) At a gas station    D) At Aunt Mary's    其中的B)和C)选项,结构非常相似,仅差一个词,答案一般就在其中。 总之,听力的提高不是一朝一夕的事,只有掌握正确的方法和技巧,坚持不懈的进行听力训练才能攻克听力难关,顺利通过考试,进而真正提高自己的听力理解能力。

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